There are many different types of distracted driving, ranging from texting to talking on the phone to eating and drinking.

Every type of distracted driving fits into one or more of the following categories:

  • Visual distraction: This occurs when a driver looks away from the road ahead. For example, this may happen if they turn their attention to a map or GPS system.
  • Cognitive distraction: This type of mental distraction comes into play when a driver isn’t focused entirely on the task at hand. Common types of cognitive distractions include talking with other passengers and daydreaming.
  • Manual distraction: This occurs when a driver takes one or both hands off the steering wheel, such as to reach for their cellphone, type a text message or grab a drink or piece of food.

Some types of distracted driving, such as texting, fit into all three categories. This causes a driver to look away from the road, process the information they’re receiving or take one or both hands off the wheel.

Understanding the categories of distracted driving can help you prevent trouble on the road. Unfortunately, since other drivers may not take the same level of caution, you could still suffer an injury in an accident.

After a distracted driving accident, focus the majority of your attention on your injuries, treatment and how to improve your long-term prognosis.

When you’re able to do so, review your insurance policy, file a claim with your agent and consider the steps you can take to receive compensation for your injuries, vehicle damage and other losses related to the accident.